A portrait of Pietro d'Abano the Conciliatore between magic and science


Pietro d'Abano is a character who belongs to both the history and the legend.
And this is as imaginative as is its complex history. His works, including medicine, having secured the fame and success for a long time, until the seventeenth century and beyond, when the discoveries of Vesalio, its principles doctors, based on Ptolemy and Galen, were made by and exceeded.
The mystery of his death, his remains disappeared (was burnt or post-mortem was performed for heresy?) Have contributed much to feed his legend. Amato or esecrato, celebrated or condemned, as it moves through the centuries, from the time in which he lived and worked effectively and more its image expands and loses in the fumes of magical evocations. In other words, the representation of his portrait between magic and science suffers much of the time when they outline the case: , philosopher and doctor, open to innovations of his time was a safe exponent of the first floor of medicine aristotelico- galenic medieval, but when it was re-read in the following centuries, in the first Renaissance of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when you say the magic and sealed philosophies of the great philosophers and doctors as Renaissance Ficino, Agrippa or Tritemio outside of its historical context, he exits from its borders and ends in real legend and nell'improvvisazione.
In this analysis trace elements of this "Reconciliation" which he accomplished in Conciliator between disputes, as he calls them, and disputes the medical schools of his time between the empirical or magical, methodical antiquity and rational or logical through its innovative concept of medical science or philosophical nature. It is conceived as a theoretical and practical, science and art and rebuilt in this portrait of Pietro d'Abano. His figure of Conciliatore between opposing doctrines is also found in the work of conciliation in relation to astronomy, Lucidator dubitabilium astronomiae (including my critical edition Padua, ed. Programm, 1992, 2nd edition) between schools metaphysical philosophers and mathematicians, astronomers.
The conclusion to which it is received is that of Pietro d'Abano was not a mago-necromante but developed a program of medical science that give rational scientific dignity to a profession emerging in Padua at the beginning of the fourteenth century, which was that the doctor no longer a praticone, but learned a wise philosopher.

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