Sensus and  ratio of Pietero d'Abano musical reflections , Abano (2007) 

Just as the concept of metaphysics in the history of Western thought has undergone several mutations vision of the proposal dall'antropologia went mutandosi. Towards the middle of the thirteenth century could be detected, as shown on the one hand by Jan A. Aertsen and on the other by Graziella Vescovini Federici, a major change is the concept of metaphysics that way as a result of anthropology a shifting field of interest philosophy. With the discovery of new Aristotelian texts (eg Physics, De Anima, Parva naturalia) and the interpretation proposed by Arab commentators, the philosophical discourse is not longer regarded as the only transcendence but moves its object of study on the physical size and material nature. No one has more then only to do with a "first philosophy" that explores the principles located beyond physics, but it says a more accurate observation of nature attention (physis) and the sensitive dimension of man. The evolution of the faculty of arts and medicine at the University of Padua during the second half of the thirteenth century is perhaps the most emblematic of this shift philosophical interests, interests hours inclined to the study of science, physiology and natural philosophy, which studies will touching musical topics. It is probably in this context that happens cultural training intellectual Pietro d'Abano and will be in the spirit of a new natural philosophy that will write not only of medicine, philosophy and astrology, but also, in its own way, music. The purpose of my report is to highlight how this shift in philosophy from a predominantly interest "metaphysical" an interest "physical and material has been poured on the theory of music, the extent to which the interest in the size physiological, and body finally sensitive man has influenced the thinking about music. Following the recent studies carried out in this field by Letterio Mauro, Frank Hentschel, Achim Diehr, Pia Ernstbrunner and Wolfgang Fuhrmann try to show that a change in the first part from the point of view of terminology in the writings of Pietro d'Abano-switching from terminology Until the mid 13. Century allaccia issues mainly philosophical texts of the "logic antiqua" Aristotelian and musical matters to Boethius while Peter obviously affected the texts of natural philosophy-and analyzing the second part in a subtle blend and sensus ratio in relation to the link between music and medicine reflection aimed to highlight what these two categories with Pietro d'Abano are no longer think in opposition to one another.

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